Vitiligo is a condition where the body’s immune system attacks pigment cells, causing pigment loss. Vitiligo causes smooth, white skin patches, usually around the mouth and eyes, or on the back of the hands. In some people, these patches can appear all over the body. There is no cure for vitiligo, but there are several treatments that take around 6 months to become effective.
Skin pigmentation disorders
Melanin is the pigment that produces the various shades of human skin, hair, and eyes. Without melanin, the skin would be pale white with shades of pink caused by blood flow through the skin. Fair-skinned people produce very little melanin, darker-skinned people produce moderate amounts, and very dark-skinned people produce the most.
Pigment disorders can be widespread and affect many areas of skin, or they can be localized and affect only certain areas of the skin. The pigmentation changes they cause are called
Acne scars occur when too much collagen forms in a particular spot while a wound is healing. The scar often develops within the dermis, where the original acne-induced inflammation formed. The good news is that when it comes to getting rid of acne scar pigmentation, there are several promising options available, from professional treatments to at-home hacks.
Melasma can be found primarily in individuals with light brown skin to darker skin tones, especially in areas with high sun exposure. Women are particularly susceptible to melasma, and it can appear as brown patches on the face, especially the cheeks, nose bridge, and forehead. Melasma may also appear on other areas of the body, especially those exposed to a lot of sunlight. These areas may include the forearms, the neck and the shoulders
Depigmentation is a Loss of color (pigment) of the skin can be caused by a number of systemic conditions. The pigment loss can be partial (such as after injury to the skin) or vitiligo. It can be temporary or permanent.
Hyperpigmentation is a common, usually harmless condition in which patches of skin become darker in color than the normal surrounding skin. This darkening occurs when an excess of melanin, the brown pigment that produces normal skin colour, forms deposits in the skin.
Do you struggle with skin pigmentation issues?